Tooth Removal and Tooth Extraction

You may be asked to have a tooth removed.  The reason varies, but it can mean because of many thing.s for example, the decay has reached the bottom of the tooth, and is deep, the infection has destroyed a portion of the tooth that’s around the bone, and there isn’t enough room for all the teeth within the mouth, as in the case of say wisdom teeth.

Sometimes, partially erupted teeth are removed because the bacteria can enter and cause an infection, and that can extend to the bone and become serious. Impacted teeth tend to break through the gum tissue even if there isn’t enough space, and the pressure caused by this can also damage the nearby teeth. Removing the tooth that’s impacted can prevent infection, damage to other teeth, and save a lot of pain in the following years.

So how are they removed? Well, before it’s removed, your dentist will review the medical and dental history and take the correct x-rays.  They will reveal the length, position, and shape of the tooth and bone around it, and they can estimate the difficulty of this and if needed, you may need to be referred to an oral surgeon.

If it can be done that day, the area around the teeth does get a local anesthetic, so that you don’t feel pain. But, you may feel pressure and pulling.

For extractions that are simple, once the area is anesthetized, the tooth is then loosened with the help of a tool that’s called an elevator, and then extracted with forceps.  The dentist might want to smooth and recontour the underlying bone, and when they’re finished, it might be closed off with a stitch. 

What happens after all of this? Well, it’s critical to make sure that the infection is prevented from happening, and you should make sure that you follow what the dentist asks for. Your dentist may ask you to bite down on a piece of sterile, dry gauze, and you will want to keep it there for at least 30-45 minutes to help limit the bleeding while clotting happens.  You will want to for the next 24 hours not smoke, rinse your mouth too hard, or clean the teeth near it. 

You will probably feel a lot of pain and discomfort, and you may get a painkiller or antibiotic as well.  You may want to apply an ice pack, but do it for 15 minutes at a time.  don’t drink hot liquids, and don’t drink through a straw.  You can gently rinse your water with warm salt water, and do take it easy.  You will probably feel less discomfort after about 3 days to two weeks. If you have a lot of swelling, pain, or a fever, do talk to your dentist. 

Extractions are important for making sure infected teeth are taken out of the picture, and here you learned about what that entails, and why it’s important to do this for you.

What is a Filling?

Fillings are essentially a way to restore a tooth that’s been damaged by decay to bring it back to normal function. When you get a filling, chances are you’re getting decayed tooth material removed first, and then the area is cleaned up, and then the cleaned area is then fixed up with a filling material.

By closing off the spaces where bacteria can get in, a filling can prevent more decay from happening. Gold, porcelain, and even a composite resin or an amalgam can be used to help with this.

So what type is best for you? Well, the right one is essentially determined by what your dentist thinks is good for you that is right for you is also based on the extent of what you need to be repaired, any metal allergies, and where the filling is needed, along with how much you’re willing to pay. 

First, you’ve got gold fillings, which are made in a lab, and they’re cemented into place. The inlays are well tolerated by the gums, and they can last more than 20 years.  These are considered the best filling, but they’re the most expensive choice and require many visits.

For amalgam fillings, these are resistant to wear and tear, and they’re not as expensive, but due to the dark color, they’re more noticeable than other restorations, and they’re not used on front teeth for this reason.

The composite or plastic resins are matched to create the same color that your teeth are, so it creates a natural appearance. They are put directly into the cavity, and they harden.  They might not be ideal for larger fillings due to the fact that they are more subject to wear and tear with time, and they can be stained by tea, tobacco, and coffee, and they don’t last as long as others.

Finally, you’ve got the porcelain fillings, and essentially they are called inlays or onlays, and they’re made in a lab, then bonded to a tooth. They can be matched t the tooth color, and also resists staining. The restoration that you get typically covers most of the tooth, but they have a much higher cost for that reason.

If you have a fracture that’s more damaged than what a filling might help with, then a crown or a cap may be needed. Decay is usually done in two ways if there is decay in the nerve, through the use of root canal therapy, or pulp capping.  Root canal therapy is where the nerve damaged nerve is taken out, and the latter keeps the nerve alive. 

Usually, the procedure is simple, where the decay is removed, and then the affected area is cleaned, and then the cavity is then filled and set.  Usually, the dentist will tell you if you have a cavity that must be filled, and the mirror that they use will help to examine this. Anything that looks abnormal may be looked into further so that you can get the best treatment.

What tour Tongue says about your oral health.

You probably notice on your tongue you’ve got bumps, spots, and patches that can be harmless, but they also can give an indication to what is going on in your mouth, and body.  Infections, medications, stress, and aging can make marks on the tongue, and you can find out what your tongue is telling you with this helpful guide.

White patches, which are creamy and pretty obvious can mean a few things, including thrush, or a fungal infection, or it can happen after illnesses or medications throw off the bacteria balance within the mouth.  If they look lacy, it could be lichen planus, which means that your immune system is attacking the mouth tissues. If you see hard, white, and flat areas that can’t be scraped away, that’s leukoplakia, which is linked to cancer, so always talk to your doctor or dentist about white patches.

If your tongue has hair on it that look black, brown, or white, you might have a “hairy” tongue, and essentially that’s proteins that turn the normal bumps on the mouth into strands that are longer, where bacteria and food get caught. You can make it go away when you brush and scrape it.  If you can’t scrape it off, it might be oral hairy leukoplakia, and it can happen if you have HIV or Epstein-Barr.

Hairy tongue can also be black in terms of color, and your mouth could go dark after you’ve taken antacids with bismuth in it.  It can stain the tongue with saliva, and usually, it’ll be harmless once you stop taking this.

Then there is a bright red tongue. Now tongues usually have a pinkish red, but if it’s more of a straw-berry-red, that’s a sign of Kawasaki disease, which is a rare, but serious illness that causes the blood vessels to be inflamed, and this mostly happens in children. it’s also a symptom of scarlet fever as well.  However, if it’s also smooth, and you’ve got some mouth pain, it also can indicate that your body doesn’t have enough B3.

If your tongue feels like it’s scaling, or tastes bitter or metallic, this is burning mouth syndrome, and it can be caused by dry mouth, infections, diabetes, and acid reflux, or acidic foods can make the mouth burn as well.

Finally, there is the instance of a tongue that doesn’t have any bumps, looking smooth and a glossy red. This is when you don’t get enough nutrients such as iron, folic acid, or even B vitamins. If you have patches of this next to the bumpy ones, it’s geographic tongue, where the spots can come and leave, and sometimes they do burn and hurt. Occasionally, this can be linked to psoriasis or even lichen planus.

The tongue is an interesting part of the body, and it can say a lot more about you than you’d think. Here, we discussed what your tongue can mean for your oral health, and why it matters too.

Oral Health issues Seniors Face

As you get older, there are other oral health concerns that you should worry about.  Here, we’ll talk about the top health concerns that seniors have in terms of their oral health.

First is dry mouth. Or xerostomia, which is when you don’t have enough saliva in your mouth. When there isn’t enough, you may feel discomfort, to even major issues with cavities. it’s caused by medications that seniors take, and 90 percent over the age of 65 suffer from this, especially since infections, hormone changes, blocked nasal passages, and allergies happen too.

Then there is bad breath. This tends to happen a lot more since dry mouth occurs.  Bad dental hygiene is usually the cause, so you should brush twice daily and floss once a day, and make sure that you see a dentist. If you have dentures, make sure that you clean them. ‘

Tooth loss is the next one.  Patients over the age of 65 tend to only have 18.9 teeth on average remaining, with 27% having no remaining teeth. Bad oral hygiene and smoking are the most major reasons, and if you do lose them, see a dentist immediately to explore the options that will allow you to eat, talk, or even smile in a comfortable manner, including tooth implants. Cavities are the next.  Over time, it’s easier, so seniors are at a higher risk.  Foods high in sugar increase the chances, but limiting sugary foods and drinks, brushing, flossing and using a mouth rinse can prevent this as well.

Another common one is poor denture care. There is a myth that dentures are n’t as delicate as your regular teeth, so you don’t’ have to take care of them. But, dentures require just as much, if not more attention, and you should brush them in a regular manner to avoid discoloration and damage. Plaque can build up on dentures as other tooth places too, and it can irritate the gums, and lead to gum disses too. So, make sure that you remove the dentures after every meal and rinse them to eliminate food particles, and make sure to brush the dentures in the evening and let them sit in the cleaning solution, and brushing them with a soft-bristled brush will help keep them nice and healthy, along with being clean.

Then there is gum disease, the last major one. This is super common with older people, and while it can take years to develop, older people tend to experience this more than the younger ones do. The best way to prevent it is to practice good oral hygiene and visit the dentist on the regular so that you don’t have it develop into periodontitis.  Many people have to see a dentist, and about a quarter of people see them once every 2 years, and about 16% haven’t seen one in five years. don’t overlook this since you should know how important your dental care is, ad to take care of it.

Diabetes and Oral Health

Diabetes is a condition that impacts how your body controls the blood glucose levels. If you’ve got type I, your body doesn’t have enough insulin, which is what transports the sugar from the blood to the cells. If you have type II, your body doesn’t respond period, and in both cases, you’re going to have oral health issues.

Diabetes actually does impact your oral health in different ways. Those with diabetes have a dry mouth, and there is less saliva there than they usually have. Saliva is important to help with washing away food particles, along with acids. If you don’t produce enough, for example, these tend to settle into the mouth, so patients that have diabetes have a bigger chance of producing cavities, and dry mouth is linked to sores, infections, and even ulcers within the mouth. Diabetes can also slow the healing of wounds, so those that do have dental surgery suffer from a slower recovery period, and these patients are also more susceptible to infections, so proper care and treatment of this will help to minimize these risks.

Patients that have diabetes also have a higher risk of developing gum disease, whether it be periodontitis or even gingivitis. About 22 percent of those with diabetes also have periodontal disease, so if you have diabetes, you’re four times as likely to develop this than someone who doesn’t have it.  If you’re struggling to control the blood sugar levels, your risk will increase as well.  It does go both ways, and gum diseases may even impact how you can maintain stable blood sugar levels since gum disease does impact the bacteria that affects the gumline, which means it will inflame the gums and damage everything. Gum disease can give you pain, bad breath, bleeding, issues with chewing, and even tooth loss, and it can heal more slowly when treated, so you need to work with the dentist when there are obvious signs of it in order to prevent you from getting any further damage from happening.

Dental implants and bridges are a solution, but due to the issue of diabetes, it can make it much harder to get implants and bridges.  It doesn’t mean you can’t get this treatment, but your dentist will need to look at the options, since you need to have healthy gums, and with advanced gum disease and tooth loss, you definitely need to make sure you have that in place, and you need to have your blood sugar under control before you get dental surgery. If you do get one of these though, you’re also at a higher risk for infection, and the healing time can be longer.

So, if you have diabetes, and you have gum disease, you should talk to the dentist, and your physician and they will work together with you in order to manage this and have good dental health, since controlling the blood sugar is one of the biggest things to support dental health if you’ve got diabetes, so be vigilant about seeing the dentist, and work with your dentist for best results.

All About tooth Extraction

Sometimes, you may be told that hey, you need a tooth extraction. You might look at this with complete dread, but it’s really the removal of the tooth from the socket all the way to the bone. If the tooth is broken or damaged with decay, the dentist will fix this with a filling, crown or other means, but if there is too much damage, then it needs to be extracted. A loose tooth will need extraction if there is no way to keep it around, even if you have a bone graft done. Some people get these because they have extra teeth that cause crowding, baby teeth don’t fall out when they should, causing a crowding once again of both type of teeth. Some may get these because they have teeth that need to be extracted before braces are put on. Someone receiving radiation on the head and back of the neck might need teeth removed. If the person has drugs that weakened the enamel of the teeth, it could weaken the immune system and infect the teeth, and they need to be extracted if infected. Some might also need these extracted if they are a source of infection before an organ transplant. They are usually very high risk of infection.

Finally, sometimes you need to get extractions if your wisdom teeth are crowding, usually done before or after they appear. Usually, if they’re decayed, causing cysts and infections, if they’re stuck in the jaw and won’t come out, if they’re irritating the gums and swell up, then you’ll need these removed. Sometimes, people take all four our at one point.

The way that this is done is simple. First, the surgeon will look at x-rays to see the best way to remove this. Then, you must give your full medical history, including medications you take, whether they’re prescriptions, drugs, vitamins, or even supplements. There might be a panoramic x-ray done if the teeth are wisdom teeth to see the relationship of the teeth.

Some may give you antibiotics before you begin, especially if you already have an infection, a weakened immune system, or specific medical conditions. You may get an IV anesthetic, which ranges from conscious sedation to general anesthetic. You will then be given the IV, and if you have a cough, stuffy nose, or a cold a week before you may not get anesthesia, and if you have nausea or vomiting the night before, you may need to change when it happens. From there, the extraction is done, and it’s either a simple extraction, which helps get the tooth out of the mouth with an elevator and forceps. There is also the surgical extraction, which is used if the tooth is broken at the gum line. They usually cut the gum and remove it, and you may take the bone out.

At this point, you are then driven home by someone because you’ll be in no shape to walk. Expect to feel pressure.

All About Oral Piercings

Oral piercings are piercings of the lips, cheek, and tongue. They are a form of self-expression, similar to pierced ears, and usually, the piercing comes in a variety of styles, including studs, rings, and barbells, but piercings around these areas have bigger health risks, and you should know about that before you begin.

Some side effects include infection, since we have lots of bacteria, and that can infect the piercing. You should also not handle jewelry when placed in the mouth. There is also the fact that if a blood vessel is hit with a needle when pierced, ti can cause serious blood loss. Pain and swelling also happen with oral piercings, and in some cases, a swollen tongue could close off the airway too. Contact with oral jewelry within the mouth can also fracture teeth. If you have crowns and caps on them, they also can be damaged by jewelry. There is also the fact that gum injuries can happen since the jewelry can harm the tissue, leaving it vulnerable to gum disease and decay. It can also interfere with normal oral function, since the jewelry in the mouth may cause excessive saliva, causing issues with pronouncing words, or difficulty with swallowing. Blood born diseases and endocarditis are also two other conditions, especially if there is a chance that the oral bacteria is in the bloodstream.

So how long do these last? Well, it can be indefinite if it doesn’t interfere with regular function, but if you do have any problems, you should always look for them, and if you notice them, always talk to your dentist. You should have them check the area to find out any of the problems. Due to health risks involved, even after the wound is healed, if you notice that you have an issue with oral piercing,s you should take them out.

There is also the risk of the jewelry being digested. If that happened, it could create issues in the body, or even choking. If you are at risk for jewelry getting lost, I don’t suggest getting them.

The big thing to take away from this is that while they are pretty, while they can be a form of self-expression and look pretty, you’ll want to be careful with them. They can really harm the mouth, and if you’re not careful, it could potentially do damage to other parts of the body as well, including the heart.

If you know that you’re at risk for any dental conditions, such as periodontitis and the like, I don’t suggest getting an oral piercing. If you do, you should always see a piercer that is very good, that knows what they’re doing, and won’t’ hurt you, and you should always tell your dentist that if you’re going one, if there are any concerns or places where you should avoid in the event that you might irritate or harm the area in some way when the piercing is put in, or after too.