Tooth Removal and Tooth Extraction

You may be asked to have a tooth removed.  The reason varies, but it can mean because of many thing.s for example, the decay has reached the bottom of the tooth, and is deep, the infection has destroyed a portion of the tooth that’s around the bone, and there isn’t enough room for all the teeth within the mouth, as in the case of say wisdom teeth.

Sometimes, partially erupted teeth are removed because the bacteria can enter and cause an infection, and that can extend to the bone and become serious. Impacted teeth tend to break through the gum tissue even if there isn’t enough space, and the pressure caused by this can also damage the nearby teeth. Removing the tooth that’s impacted can prevent infection, damage to other teeth, and save a lot of pain in the following years.

So how are they removed? Well, before it’s removed, your dentist will review the medical and dental history and take the correct x-rays.  They will reveal the length, position, and shape of the tooth and bone around it, and they can estimate the difficulty of this and if needed, you may need to be referred to an oral surgeon.

If it can be done that day, the area around the teeth does get a local anesthetic, so that you don’t feel pain. But, you may feel pressure and pulling.

For extractions that are simple, once the area is anesthetized, the tooth is then loosened with the help of a tool that’s called an elevator, and then extracted with forceps.  The dentist might want to smooth and recontour the underlying bone, and when they’re finished, it might be closed off with a stitch. 

What happens after all of this? Well, it’s critical to make sure that the infection is prevented from happening, and you should make sure that you follow what the dentist asks for. Your dentist may ask you to bite down on a piece of sterile, dry gauze, and you will want to keep it there for at least 30-45 minutes to help limit the bleeding while clotting happens.  You will want to for the next 24 hours not smoke, rinse your mouth too hard, or clean the teeth near it. 

You will probably feel a lot of pain and discomfort, and you may get a painkiller or antibiotic as well.  You may want to apply an ice pack, but do it for 15 minutes at a time.  don’t drink hot liquids, and don’t drink through a straw.  You can gently rinse your water with warm salt water, and do take it easy.  You will probably feel less discomfort after about 3 days to two weeks. If you have a lot of swelling, pain, or a fever, do talk to your dentist. 

Extractions are important for making sure infected teeth are taken out of the picture, and here you learned about what that entails, and why it’s important to do this for you.

What is a Filling?

Fillings are essentially a way to restore a tooth that’s been damaged by decay to bring it back to normal function. When you get a filling, chances are you’re getting decayed tooth material removed first, and then the area is cleaned up, and then the cleaned area is then fixed up with a filling material.

By closing off the spaces where bacteria can get in, a filling can prevent more decay from happening. Gold, porcelain, and even a composite resin or an amalgam can be used to help with this.

So what type is best for you? Well, the right one is essentially determined by what your dentist thinks is good for you that is right for you is also based on the extent of what you need to be repaired, any metal allergies, and where the filling is needed, along with how much you’re willing to pay. 

First, you’ve got gold fillings, which are made in a lab, and they’re cemented into place. The inlays are well tolerated by the gums, and they can last more than 20 years.  These are considered the best filling, but they’re the most expensive choice and require many visits.

For amalgam fillings, these are resistant to wear and tear, and they’re not as expensive, but due to the dark color, they’re more noticeable than other restorations, and they’re not used on front teeth for this reason.

The composite or plastic resins are matched to create the same color that your teeth are, so it creates a natural appearance. They are put directly into the cavity, and they harden.  They might not be ideal for larger fillings due to the fact that they are more subject to wear and tear with time, and they can be stained by tea, tobacco, and coffee, and they don’t last as long as others.

Finally, you’ve got the porcelain fillings, and essentially they are called inlays or onlays, and they’re made in a lab, then bonded to a tooth. They can be matched t the tooth color, and also resists staining. The restoration that you get typically covers most of the tooth, but they have a much higher cost for that reason.

If you have a fracture that’s more damaged than what a filling might help with, then a crown or a cap may be needed. Decay is usually done in two ways if there is decay in the nerve, through the use of root canal therapy, or pulp capping.  Root canal therapy is where the nerve damaged nerve is taken out, and the latter keeps the nerve alive. 

Usually, the procedure is simple, where the decay is removed, and then the affected area is cleaned, and then the cavity is then filled and set.  Usually, the dentist will tell you if you have a cavity that must be filled, and the mirror that they use will help to examine this. Anything that looks abnormal may be looked into further so that you can get the best treatment.

Tips for Preventing Oral and Mouth Injuries

njuries to both the mouth and the teeth are very common, with about 60% of dental injuries happening to the front teeth, and can damage the cheeks, lips, and the tongue. Injuries to baby teeth can happen when learning to walk, and it can damage the permanent teeth as well. Sports injuries are the main reason for tooth and mouth injuries, with up to 40% of these dental injuries happening.

So how can you prevent this? Well, there are a few things that you can wear in order to prevent the injuries from happening.

First, is a mouth guard. If you’re playing sport,s this is one of the best ways to prevent that from hurting your teeth and mouth. Any contact sport should have something like this in place as a must.

Face cages are another one.  Baseball catchers and hockey goalies have this, and it protects trauma to the face. After all, do you feel safe with just a mouthguard when a 90-mph fastball is hitting you? Chances are, that’s not the case.

Helmets are another.  You should use a helmet for anything that you’re participating in that does pose any risk, including cycling. 

Now, while it doesn’t protect the mouth and teeth, the head is protected in this case, and it can protect against brain concussions.

So, maybe you did wear this, but the thing that you may have to face now is you still had a tooth knocked out, or maybe you did end up forgetting your helmet and now you’ve got a knocked out front tooth.

The reality of it is that you can get it repaired, and the sooner you get to it the better. Those that have the highest chances of being saved are those that are seen by the dentist and are returned to the socket within an hour of being knocked out. If you do have a tooth tha’ts knocked out, rinse the debris from the root and put it back into the socket. If it’s not possible, hold it in the mouth while you got to the dentist. If nothing else, keep it in milk until you get there.

Now, if they can’t replace it, you do have another option: a dental implant, which is essentially an artificial tooth that is anchored into the jawbone, and you can get a porcelain crown put on top of there, and it aids in biting, chewing, and also for aesthetic reasons.

But of course, the name of the game is prevention.  Lots of times, you can never be too prepared, so making sure that you have the preventative items can make a world of a difference in your ability to handle mouth and tooth injuries.  If you have the means to prevent this, then make sure that you put it in. it’s better to not have to worry about rushing to a dentist, but instead having the protection that you need during sports and any activities too.

Oral Health issues Seniors Face

As you get older, there are other oral health concerns that you should worry about.  Here, we’ll talk about the top health concerns that seniors have in terms of their oral health.

First is dry mouth. Or xerostomia, which is when you don’t have enough saliva in your mouth. When there isn’t enough, you may feel discomfort, to even major issues with cavities. it’s caused by medications that seniors take, and 90 percent over the age of 65 suffer from this, especially since infections, hormone changes, blocked nasal passages, and allergies happen too.

Then there is bad breath. This tends to happen a lot more since dry mouth occurs.  Bad dental hygiene is usually the cause, so you should brush twice daily and floss once a day, and make sure that you see a dentist. If you have dentures, make sure that you clean them. ‘

Tooth loss is the next one.  Patients over the age of 65 tend to only have 18.9 teeth on average remaining, with 27% having no remaining teeth. Bad oral hygiene and smoking are the most major reasons, and if you do lose them, see a dentist immediately to explore the options that will allow you to eat, talk, or even smile in a comfortable manner, including tooth implants. Cavities are the next.  Over time, it’s easier, so seniors are at a higher risk.  Foods high in sugar increase the chances, but limiting sugary foods and drinks, brushing, flossing and using a mouth rinse can prevent this as well.

Another common one is poor denture care. There is a myth that dentures are n’t as delicate as your regular teeth, so you don’t’ have to take care of them. But, dentures require just as much, if not more attention, and you should brush them in a regular manner to avoid discoloration and damage. Plaque can build up on dentures as other tooth places too, and it can irritate the gums, and lead to gum disses too. So, make sure that you remove the dentures after every meal and rinse them to eliminate food particles, and make sure to brush the dentures in the evening and let them sit in the cleaning solution, and brushing them with a soft-bristled brush will help keep them nice and healthy, along with being clean.

Then there is gum disease, the last major one. This is super common with older people, and while it can take years to develop, older people tend to experience this more than the younger ones do. The best way to prevent it is to practice good oral hygiene and visit the dentist on the regular so that you don’t have it develop into periodontitis.  Many people have to see a dentist, and about a quarter of people see them once every 2 years, and about 16% haven’t seen one in five years. don’t overlook this since you should know how important your dental care is, ad to take care of it.

Diabetes and Oral Health

Diabetes is a condition that impacts how your body controls the blood glucose levels. If you’ve got type I, your body doesn’t have enough insulin, which is what transports the sugar from the blood to the cells. If you have type II, your body doesn’t respond period, and in both cases, you’re going to have oral health issues.

Diabetes actually does impact your oral health in different ways. Those with diabetes have a dry mouth, and there is less saliva there than they usually have. Saliva is important to help with washing away food particles, along with acids. If you don’t produce enough, for example, these tend to settle into the mouth, so patients that have diabetes have a bigger chance of producing cavities, and dry mouth is linked to sores, infections, and even ulcers within the mouth. Diabetes can also slow the healing of wounds, so those that do have dental surgery suffer from a slower recovery period, and these patients are also more susceptible to infections, so proper care and treatment of this will help to minimize these risks.

Patients that have diabetes also have a higher risk of developing gum disease, whether it be periodontitis or even gingivitis. About 22 percent of those with diabetes also have periodontal disease, so if you have diabetes, you’re four times as likely to develop this than someone who doesn’t have it.  If you’re struggling to control the blood sugar levels, your risk will increase as well.  It does go both ways, and gum diseases may even impact how you can maintain stable blood sugar levels since gum disease does impact the bacteria that affects the gumline, which means it will inflame the gums and damage everything. Gum disease can give you pain, bad breath, bleeding, issues with chewing, and even tooth loss, and it can heal more slowly when treated, so you need to work with the dentist when there are obvious signs of it in order to prevent you from getting any further damage from happening.

Dental implants and bridges are a solution, but due to the issue of diabetes, it can make it much harder to get implants and bridges.  It doesn’t mean you can’t get this treatment, but your dentist will need to look at the options, since you need to have healthy gums, and with advanced gum disease and tooth loss, you definitely need to make sure you have that in place, and you need to have your blood sugar under control before you get dental surgery. If you do get one of these though, you’re also at a higher risk for infection, and the healing time can be longer.

So, if you have diabetes, and you have gum disease, you should talk to the dentist, and your physician and they will work together with you in order to manage this and have good dental health, since controlling the blood sugar is one of the biggest things to support dental health if you’ve got diabetes, so be vigilant about seeing the dentist, and work with your dentist for best results.

All About tooth Extraction

Sometimes, you may be told that hey, you need a tooth extraction. You might look at this with complete dread, but it’s really the removal of the tooth from the socket all the way to the bone. If the tooth is broken or damaged with decay, the dentist will fix this with a filling, crown or other means, but if there is too much damage, then it needs to be extracted. A loose tooth will need extraction if there is no way to keep it around, even if you have a bone graft done. Some people get these because they have extra teeth that cause crowding, baby teeth don’t fall out when they should, causing a crowding once again of both type of teeth. Some may get these because they have teeth that need to be extracted before braces are put on. Someone receiving radiation on the head and back of the neck might need teeth removed. If the person has drugs that weakened the enamel of the teeth, it could weaken the immune system and infect the teeth, and they need to be extracted if infected. Some might also need these extracted if they are a source of infection before an organ transplant. They are usually very high risk of infection.

Finally, sometimes you need to get extractions if your wisdom teeth are crowding, usually done before or after they appear. Usually, if they’re decayed, causing cysts and infections, if they’re stuck in the jaw and won’t come out, if they’re irritating the gums and swell up, then you’ll need these removed. Sometimes, people take all four our at one point.

The way that this is done is simple. First, the surgeon will look at x-rays to see the best way to remove this. Then, you must give your full medical history, including medications you take, whether they’re prescriptions, drugs, vitamins, or even supplements. There might be a panoramic x-ray done if the teeth are wisdom teeth to see the relationship of the teeth.

Some may give you antibiotics before you begin, especially if you already have an infection, a weakened immune system, or specific medical conditions. You may get an IV anesthetic, which ranges from conscious sedation to general anesthetic. You will then be given the IV, and if you have a cough, stuffy nose, or a cold a week before you may not get anesthesia, and if you have nausea or vomiting the night before, you may need to change when it happens. From there, the extraction is done, and it’s either a simple extraction, which helps get the tooth out of the mouth with an elevator and forceps. There is also the surgical extraction, which is used if the tooth is broken at the gum line. They usually cut the gum and remove it, and you may take the bone out.

At this point, you are then driven home by someone because you’ll be in no shape to walk. Expect to feel pressure.

Seniors and Gum disease

Gum disease isn’t uncommon, about 70% of people develop it. While it’s more prevalent in older people, it isn’t unavoidable by aging. There are various aspects that can be utilized to help you treat and prevent gum disease. By understanding this and taking the correct precautions, you can go a long way to help you protect your oral health.

Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that hold the gums. When plaque builds up at the base, it can begin to grow under the gum line, and over time, the untreated disease causes permanent gum and tissue damage, and it can even result in loss. There are two types, the first being gingivitis, and it’s much milder. You may not even notice because there aren’t many noticeable symptoms. You should see your dentist on the regular though, especially if you haven’t had a cleaning. If you don’t treat this, periodontitis happens.

Gum disease is caused by bad hygiene, and the best way to treat this is brushing twice daily and flossing on the regular. You should also see the dentist to get your teeth cleaned. There are other factors as well that happens with gum disease, and they include diabetes, genetics, hormonal changes, medication, and age, and since gum disease takes time to put together, it’s more prevalent in older people, so be mindful.

About 20% of people have some form of undiagnosed gum disease, and treatment for this is more difficult as you progress, and the sooner it’s diagnosed the better to solve the problems.there are some symptoms that can happen that cause it. Swollen or red gums, bleeding when you brush, bad breath, loose and sensitive teeth, and a receding gum line along with pain while chewing are all symptoms, and you should see a dentist immediately.

You should look at your habits too. They develop over time, and if you’re not mindful, this hurts you. Smoking, not flossing and brushing, not having enough vitamin C, brushing too hard, rinsing with water, and grinding can all impact this, so you should be careful.

Finally, if you don’t treat gum disease, this can lead to tooth and bone loss, and that’s why gum disease is the leading cause of this. Seniors who have lost a few or the complete set of teeth have to struggle, and while there are options, such as dentures and implants to help, these can be costly and potentially painful. The best way to keep your ability to eat, talk, and smile is to take care of your teeth. Gum disease is also linked to other health issues. F you have a weak immune system, the bacteria there travels to other parts of the body, causing you to increase the risk of stroke or heart disease. Sometimes, the infection of a tooth can cause infection in the heart lining.

So yes, you need to take care of your teeth, and preventing gum disease is integral to your overall health.