What Happens During a Root Canal

Probably the last thing that you want to hear is hey, you need a root canal since it does bring about many different emotions, including worry, anxiety, and unsureness of what to expect. Many are concerned about the pain that they’ll be in, but here we’ll discuss what happens, and concerns you may have.

Root canal therapy is a common treatment for the nerve or pulp of the tooth, and it can happen because of a break or crack, some dental decay, or injury to the tooth, and you may notice that the warning signs are inflamed teeth, affected and infected teeth, ranging from mild to severe, and pain and sensitivity to hot and cold liquids, and even sensitive gums. Usually, the infection and inflammation can get worse, and this leads to bone loss around the root are, swelling within the head, face, and neck, and drainage that extends outward from the tooth root, and it can actually extend to the body, rendering it fatal if not treated.

So to begin, usually, you’ll get a shot of something to numb the area and deaden the nerves. From there, you’ll also get numbing jelly to reduce the sensitivity as well. The first part is to remove the damaged tooth, where the dentist will drill to remove the pulp and nerve. The pulp sits between the hard layer and the dentin, containing nerves, blood vessels, and other connective tissue, and this creates the hard tissues within the mouth as they’re developed. The pulp of the tooth goes from the roots to the crown, but it can be removed once this is matured. Your tooth can survive without the pulp, which is why root canal therapy is good if you have inflammation and infection impacting your oral health.

Many people tend to ask how much it will hurt. It typically puts a lot of stress on you, but the goal of this is to make this as comfy and as pain-free as possible. The local anesthetic that’s used to numb the mouth will make sure that you don’t feel pain during this. Applying the numbing cream as well reduces the discomfort that you feel when the medication is injected. Some patients feel sedated too, and that can help. It does feel a little bit stiff in terms of your jaw, and it can make it sore. You also will have a dental dam placed so that they can access the tooth, and there is a rubber blocked used to make it more comfortable. After the procedure, you may feel some tenderness and a bit of pain within the jaw. You also may need some medication if it’s pretty severe, but that’s usually rare.

Root canals don’t have to be as bad as you think they’ll be, and ultimately, they can help you because you’ll be able to have a healthy and happier body as well. Prevent the infection from getting worse by seeing a dentist right now!

Oral Side Effects of Medication

Medicines are invented to cure your disease, but some medicines have side effects, which badly affect your mouth and teeth.Taking medicines whether by mouth or injected can give you adverse effects to your oral health. Oral health is related to the mouth and teeth.Some high potency medicines which are used to treat cancer, severe pain, depression and tension, high blood pressure, allergies, removal of kidney stone, or even the common cold, have bad impact on your oral (mouth) health. So, keep in mind, always use doctor or dentist prescribed medicines or if you are using some common medicines like for a headache or cold, always tell your doctor or dentist about the medicines you are using. Your doctor or dentist should know what ever vitamins or supplements you are using. Itis important for your oral health.

Some of the most common oral side effects of medications are:


Xerostomia is dry mouth. When the flow of saliva in the mouth is reduced or fully absent, it results dry mouth (Xerostomia). Dry mouth gives adverse effect to your oral (the mouth and teeth) heart. When you use some medicines for kidney, common cold or high blood pressure, they usually reduce the amount of saliva in your mouth. When your mouth becomes dry, the mouth tissues cause irritation or inflammation in your mouth.Dry mouth or Xerostomia can increase the risk of mouth infection, tooth decay and gum disease.

Medicineswhich are used in chemotherapy also cause Xerostomia and any other medicines which cause dry mouth are listed below:

  • Antihistamines
  • Antidepressants
  • Antipsychotics
  • Parkinson’s disease medications
  • Alzheimer’s disease medications
  • Lung inhalers

High blood pressure and heart medications which usually include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers, heart rhythm medications, and diuretics.

  • Seizure medications
  • Isotretinoin, used to treat acne
  • Anti-anxiety medications
  • Anti-nausea and anti-diarrheal medicines
  • Narcotic pain medications
  • Scopolamine, used to prevent motion sickness
  • Anti-spasm medications

Fungal Mouth (Oral) Infection

The asthmatic patients usually affected by mouth fungal infection because the inhaler they used cause yeast infection. The fungal mouth infection is called oral candidiasis. To get rid of this infection, rinse your mouth with water after using inhaler everytime. To prevent this side effect, drink plenty water daily.

Swelling of Gums

Some medicines cause gum swelling. Gums become built up and got swell which result Gingival Overgrowth (gum swelling) because of the use of some medicines.  Swelling of gums increases the risk of periodontal disease in your mouth.This orals side effect can cause extreme irritation in your mouth.Swelling of gums can cause damage of tooth structure.

Some medicines which cause swelling of gums are:

Phenytoin, a seizure medication

Cyclosporine, an immunosuppressant medicine which is used to prevent transplant rejection

High Blood pressure medicines like calcium channel blockers, which include nifedipine, verapamil, diltiazem, and amlodipine can give bad oral side effect.

This oral side effect is mostly present in men. To prevent this oral side effect, take good care of your oral hygiene and make frequent visits to your dentist.

Inflammation in the Mouth (Mucositis)

Inflammation inside the mouth called Mucositis.The inflammation in themoist tissues lining the mouth and digestive lane is Mucositis. If a person is going through a chemotherapy treatment, then this is the most common oral side effect to that patient. Chemotherapy drugs are high potency and often cause oral side effects. Chemotherapy medicines includ emethotrexate and 5-fluorouracil that damage the cells in the mouth, which cause inflammation. Some kidney disease, HIV and diabetes related medicines can also cause inflammation in the mouth. Mucositis causespainful swelling of the tongue and gums. Due to Mucositis you will have to face, mouth ulcer and gums bleeding. This oral side effect can makeyour eating difficult.

Chemotherapy, HIV and Diabetes medicines that can cause mucositis are:

  • Alemtuzumab (Campath)
  • Asparaginase (Elspar)
  • Bleomycin (Blenoxane)
  • Busulfan (Myleran, Busulfex)
  • Capecitabine (Xeloda)
  • Carboplatin (Paraplatin)
  • Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
  • Cytarabine (Cytosar-U)
  • Daunorubicin (Cerubidine)
  • Docetaxel (Taxotere)
  • Doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
  • Etoposide (VePesid)
  • fluorouracil (5-FU)
  • Gemcitabine (Gemzar)
  • Hydroxyurea (Hydrea)
  • Interleukin 2 (Proleukin)
  • Irinotecan (Camptosar)
  • Lomustine (CeeNU)
  • Mechlorethamine (Mustargen)
  • Melphalan (Alkeran)
  • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex)
  • Mitomycin (Mutamycin)
  • Mitoxantrone (Novantrone)
  • Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin)
  • Pemetrexed (Alimta)
  • Pentostatin (Nipent)
  • Procarbazine (Matulane)
  • Thiotepa (Thioplex)
  • Topotecan (Hycamtin)
  • Trastuzumab (Herceptin)
  • Tretinoin (Vesanoid)
  • Vinblastine (Velban)
  • Vincristine (Oncovin)

Mouth Ulcer

Mouth ulcers are open,small white sores inside the mouth or on the tongue. They are also called canker sores. The people who have stomach issue or undergoing through a chemotherapy drugs are usually suffering from this oral side effect.

Some medicines which cause mouth ulcer are:

  • Alemtuzumab (Campath)
  • Bleomycin (Blenoxane)
  • Capecitabine (Xeloda)
  • Cetuximab (Erbitux)
  • Docetaxel (Taxotere)
  • Doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
  • Epirubicin (Ellence)
  • Erlotinib (Tarceva)
  • fluorouracil (5-FU)
  • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex)
  • Sunitinib (Sutent)
  • Vincristine (Oncovin)
  • Aspirin

Is general Anesthesia Safe For Children?

If you’re taking your child in for some procedure, they may consider giving your child general anesthesia for these complex treatments, and it might be recommended for those that aren’t able to get the normal treatments in a normal office.

But, it’s definitely important to make sure that this is good for the child, and usually, it’s used when the child needed extensive treatment, has acute situational anxiety, is uncooperative during the procedure, is immature in cognitive functioning, has any medical conditions or disabilities that might require this.  Usually, when parents ask about this, they wonder if it’s safe. The answer is yes. It’s essentially a way to make someone sleep with medications. They are reversible and short-acting, only working for a small period of time. When they’re done, they’re awake, and the body is monitored to make sure that the child is fine, and even the brain and hemodynamics are monitored.

You may wonder what types of medications are used, usually it’s to sedate, and the other is for an amnesia state that you don’t remember what happened, and usually, it’s used to keep the patient quiet, unable to move and to not feel pain. These are tailored to the weight of a child and what the procedure requires.  Once they’re given anesthesia, the child just doesn’t move, and essentially sleeps the entire time. They won’t feel anything from this, and usually they come out of this a bit different.

If you’re wondering whether it has an impact on the developing brain, the answer is this.  There might be certain saturation drops, or that oxygenation doesn’t go as well as we thought.  This usually happens with anesthesia, and usually, the medication doesn’t do anything to the brain. Usually though, it’s a safe procedure that many use each and every day. Typically the gas is taken through inhaling, and it leaves the body by exhaling, so essentially through the use of breathing it’s normal.

The nasal tube is there because it allows for safe and controlled anesthesia and allows the dentist to make sure that everything is there and protected.  it’s also the safest way to get the medicine in through the body, and it allows the dentist to work on the mouth as well. The nasal tube usually doesn’t interfere, and it actually is good because it prevents aspirations into the blood and the lungs as well.

Some children may vomit, and nausea is a side effect of the sedation and the narcotics.  These usually are nothing that compares to the benefits that they will receive. Typically, the child may experience this for about an hour or so during the recovery room where they can observe, give anti-nausea medications if needed, and then send them home. Some children may take a little bit to recover, but some may be fine and ready to go anywhere with their parents by the end of the day. It depends on how their body handles it.

This type of procedure is usually very fast. The child is out like a light within moments, and they’re essentially out until the dentist is done with them. From there, the child can then go home, and they’ll feel even better than they have before. The parents will notice that their child usually feels great after all of this, and from there, they’ll be able to take care of the kid, and make it so that they’re able to easily and without fail, create the life that they want to have, and essentially have a great success in doing this.

So yes, having this anesthesia is actually really great, and it’s something that you should consider if you’re looking to really create a good experience of the child, and if you’re worried that the procedure is too much. Usually, any dentist that works with anesthesia is a trained specialist, so you’ll be able to make sure that you get the best coverage that you need. Being able to help your child through this is important, and with the help of anesthesia, you’ll be able to create a great and positive atmosphere for the child no matter what may come about from this, and what happens next.