Oral hygiene is one of the most important factors in the overall health. Keeping the oral cavity clean and clear means preventing several germs from entering the body. It is not just the visits to the dentist that keep the gums and the teeth in perfect condition but the care begins at home. Plaque and tartar can destroy the gums and teeth. Plaque is a sticky and colorless film of bacteria that grows on the teeth, between the teeth and along the gum line. Removing the plaque is first step to a healthy lifestyle. Tartar is hardened and calcified plaque that gets attached to the teeth and along the gum line. Along with this there are so many dental issues that can affect the health after mouth such as tooth decay, fracture teeth, worn out fillings, gum diseases, worn out tooth enamel, exposed tooth root and crack tooth syndrome.
Cracked tooth syndrome (CTS) is also known as cracked cusp syndrome or split tooth syndrome. It is a painful condition that may give rise to a crack in one of the teeth. It can be a tiny hair line split in the teeth and even a fracture that reaches the root. If someone has severe tooth ache and remembers biting down something hard, it is advised to contact a dentist as soon as possible because you really need a dentist for the diagnosis and treatment.
Symptoms of CTS
Although the symptoms of CTS may vary from person to person but everyone will have the following symptoms in common. Symptoms include biting down very hard in a certain area that have caused a sharp and un easing pain. The pain may cease for a little while but comes back on chewing and biting. It may also induce sensitivity to hot and cold and to sweet and sour food. It unconsciously causes the patient to chew using one favoring side for all foods. It induces sharp localized pain while biting and afterwards. It usually occurs after eating fibrous foods. It also induces pain while grinding the teeth backward and forward. If the crack propagates into the pulp it may cause pulpal necrosis etc. According to a theory the tooth pain caused on biting is caused by the two fractured parts of the tooth that starts moving independently from each other. Due to this the fluid within the dentinal tubules is triggered to sudden movement. It is also assumed that the cold stimulus is caused by the leakage of a noxious substance from the crack that irritates the pulp of the tooth.
There is no universal treatment strategy accepted for CTS but generally the treatment aims to prevent movement of the broken segments of the tooth so that they do not independently when the tooth is being used for grinding or biting. It also helps to prevent the propagation of the crack when the tooth is being used. Composite resin is one of the treatments for CTS. The composite resin fillings are made up of powdered glass and plastic, which is placed directly on the tooth. After placing the composite, it is shaped and polished. To accelerate the bonding process a curing light or laser is used. Crown restoration can also do the same but more permanently and predictably. Root canal therapy is also used to treat the infected pulp of the tooth which results in the removal of the infection and protects the cracked tooth against microbes. Dental extraction may also be applied in which the tooth is removed from the socket. This treatment is applied when the tooth is damaged beyond repair.